How to Grow and Care for Figs Fruit Tree
Figs are easiest of the fruit trees that can be grown that belong to the mulberry family. They are available in multiple colors of yellow, purple, red, black, and green. The smooth skin and succulent flesh with small crunchy seeds are excellent sources of potassium that aids in regulating blood pressure levels. The water-soluble fiber filament, pectin are rich in these fruits that move freely through the body, inhibiting cholesterol. The leaves of figs hold the capacity to reduce the volumes of insulin obliged by the diabetics. The amount of sugar can be absorbed after the meals by potassium in figs. The immense levels of omega 3 fatty acids in figs can support in maintaining the skin moisturized and well-conditioned.
The high water content in fig assists in washing out the toxins and wear from the body, inhibiting pimples, and acne that is considered a major problem for most of the girls. The peels of figs include many vital enzymes, which can be used as an exfoliating factor to eliminate the dead cells from the skin. There is fig oil that deals to ease out dry, broken, and rough hair. The scalp of the hair is hydrated, making it lustrous and voluminous. It is also very useful for supporting the natural black color of the hair. It comprises of copper that prevents premature greying. Figs are preserved, both by exposure to full sunlight or by an artificial method that creates a nutritious dehydrated fruit. Dried figs are an exceptional origin of mineral, vitamins, and antioxidants with numerous benefits.
Best Time to Plant Figs Fruit Tree
A northern exposure keeps your fig trees dormant until the time of blooming. The dormant and bare-rooted trees can be planted in late fall to early spring. The fig trees that are free of root-knot nematodes are easy to maintain.
There are no pH conditions for the soil as fig plants adapt and thrive in most soil environments.
Fig trees prefer full sunlight and sufficient room for growth with about 15 to 20 feet apart. In case of growing it as to be bushes, it can be grown with 10 feet apart.
Fig trees should be watered regularly, and mainly rainwater produces the requirements for the plant individual from dry seasons. Water more frequently if it is too hot and overwatering won’t be an issue as long as the containers have drainage holes.
Fertilizing is necessary at least once only in the growing season, and too much fertilizer should be avoided, as this can affect the ability to bear fruits. The fertilizers that have low nitrogen and high phosphorus content can be used and also organic fertilizers like bone meal.
Pests and Diseases
When it comes to infections, some of the common include fig rust, fig mosaic, anthracnose, and leaf blight. Several pests can bring infestation, such as aphids, and mealybugs to the fig plant.
Varieties of Figs Fruit Tree
There are different types of figs, each with their benefits and uses. Some of them include:
- Adriatic Figs: Pretty bright pink on the outside and also called as white fig due to their light color.
- Black Mission Figs: Extremely sweet figs with a dark exterior that tastes perfect with yogurt or tangy fresh cheese.
- Brown Turkey Figs: Brownish dark purple skin that works well in salads or desserts.
- Calimyrna Figs: Greenish golden figs are large compared to other varieties that work so well with nuts.
The fig trees that are newly planted can take three to five years before bearing fruit after planting. The rooting process demands a full growing season. The propagating figs from the cutting phase to fruit production can be almost four to six years out.
The fig tree is most prolific in locations that receive full sun for the entire day. It can permit some shade but requires a minimum of 8 hours of complete sun daily for better growth. It can thrive in any moist or well-drained soils.
It can be expected to bear fruit once to twice per year and can proceed to fruit for decades after the plant reaches maturity. It is found that the young figs do not fruit their initial year and can take a long time to bear depending on various other criteria.